How Many Eggs Does a Woman Have?

How many eggs does a woman have?

How many eggs does a woman have? When a woman is born, she has approximately 1 million eggs, which is all her eggs. At puberty, she has about 200,000 follicles, which are small sealed collections within her ovary that are visible with ultrasound but will have the potential to become eggs each month. Women typically release one egg every month.

Any other follicle that has the potential to be an egg is absorbed and lost in the body so that it can be regenerated.

Number of Follicles in Each Ovary

There are hundreds of thousands of follicles in the uterus during the menstrual cycle, each of which releases a ripe egg. An immature egg is located in the center of each follicle. It is typical for menstrual cycles to begin on the first day of menstrual bleeding.

How Many Eggs Does a Woman Have?

A child is born with 1 to 2 million eggs, down 20 million eggs at conception. In the years following puberty, usually around 13 or 14 but could be earlier than this, the egg count declines further. A new egg will be ovulated every month from now on. After 35 years, the decline continues when a woman’s fertility reaches its peak.

What Happens During 1 to 7 Days of Menstrual Cycle?

During the first seven days of the cycle, a woman begins to grow a few follicles. At the same time, her maturing follicles secrete estrogen hormones into the bloodstream to repair the uterine lining for pregnancy.  Around the seventh day, all follicles stop growing and producing except one.

What the Ovary Produces and Nourishes

During the development of the dominant follicle, a large amount of estrogen is released into the bloodstream to nourish the developing egg. When estrogen reaches the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland in the brain the anterior pituitary gland releases an enormous surge of luteinizing hormone into the bloodstream.

This occurs right before ovulation when a follicle undergoes a sudden growth spurt and the egg detaches from the inside of the follicle.

 How The Egg Travels to the Uterus

In response to tiny projections at the end of the fallopian tubes that sweep across the ovulation side and pick up the egg, the egg and fluid are ejected into the abdominal cavity when the fallopian tubes move closer and around the egg. As the egg travels to the entrance of the fallopian tube, muscular contractions weakly push it toward the uterus.

How Long Does the Egg Live After Ovulation?

After ovulation, the egg lives for 12 to 24 hours after ovulation. A woman becomes pregnant once her eggs are fertilized by sperm from the male. If the eggs are not fertilized, they dissolve along with the uterine lining during menstruation.

How Many Eggs are Release During Ovulation?

The ovulation process usually involves the release of one egg, but some women can release more than one egg within 24 hours. When an egg ovulates, it becomes immature and ready to be fertilized by sperm, resulting in conception.

Number of Eggs Lost Each Month After Puberty

Women lose about 1000 immature eggs every month after starting their menstrual cycle, which is about 30 to 35 per day. During birth, a woman has all her eggs. A woman releases one egg during every menstrual cycle once she starts her period.

When a woman’s egg meets a man’s sperm, she becomes pregnant within 24 hours.

Chronic inflammatory conditions like endometriosis are caused by inflammation. Your cycle begins at the beginning of your period and lasts until menopause

At What Age do Women Lose Most of Their Eggs?

The decline in eggs increases after you reach 35 years. At this time a woman has lost 90% of her eggs and by the time they are menopausal, they only have a few thousand eggs left.

What is the importance of the quality of the egg and how is it affected?

Age plays a major role in egg quality. The most fertile stage of your life is between the ages of 20 and 30, after which the quality of your eggs and fertility begins to decline.

Energy For the Embryo

A person’s ability to produce eggs decreases when he or she reaches age 35. A developing embryo receives energy from the mitochondria in the egg. As you age, your mitochondrial levels decline rapidly, resulting in a decrease in egg quality. It is estimated that only 5% of women will become pregnant through IVF by the age of 43.

Things That May Affect Egg Quality and Quantity

1.      Genetics

Women who stop bleeding before age 40 or who experience early menopause in the family might be suffering from Premature Ovarian Insufficiency. Egg quality can also be affected by this.

2.      Syndromes like;

Premature ovarian failure

Fragile X mutation

Tuner Syndrome

This can also be associated with a decline in egg number and quality.

3.      Stress

There are several factors that lead to a decline in the quality of eggs, including stress. Stress may result in the deterioration of a woman’s eggs. It is possible for the oocyte quality to deteriorate due to stress.

The hypothalamus links your nervous system to the endocrine system and regulates your pituitary gland when you are under stress. The hypothalamus and pituitary both manage the hormones involved in ovulation, so it may be possible to prevent or delay ovulation when stress is added to the mix.

4.      Being Overweight

Being overweight and obese can result in hormonal imbalances and reduced blood flow to the ovaries and reproductive organs, leading to poor egg quality.

5.      Alcohol and Smoking

Drinking alcohol or smoking can negatively affect the quality of your eggs. Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol can lead to fertility problems. In addition to causing ovarian damage, long-term smoking can also lead to poor-quality eggs.

Tips to increase egg quality

The quality and quantity of your eggs are equally important. The number of eggs a woman is born with is limited and continues to diminish over time. The decline accelerates as a woman approaches 35 years of age. 20 weeks into in vitro fertilization, the maximum number of eggs is present in a woman’s body.

RELATED: How Long Does it Take to Get Pregnant?

Here are some tips to help increase egg quality;

•             Eat Healthy and nutritious foods

It is important to watch what you eat so that your eggs are of the highest quality. In order to produce high-quality eggs, proper nutrition is essential.

•             Healthy Lifestyle

•             Be stress-free

•             Have a good sleep hygiene


When a woman’s body doesn’t produce any more viable eggs, her estrogen levels drop, resulting in menopause. It is common for women to experience menopause between 45 and 55 years of age, but 1 in 100 women may experience premature menopause before they are 40.

Final Thought

Supplements can also improve egg quality; your healthcare provider will guide you in choosing the right supplements for you. In order to improve the quality of your eggs, you need to keep in mind that different factors can affect the eggs’ quality.

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